Leadership Hadees

Hazrat Imam Hassan-e-Mujtaba (A.S)

Leadership

Khilafah / reconciliation of Imam Hassan

عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ قَالَ‏ شَهِدْتُ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ علیهما السلام حِينَ صَالَحَ مُعَاوِيَةَ بِالنُّخَيْلَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُعَاوِيَةُ قُمْ فَأَخْبِرِ النَّاسَ أَنَّكَ تَرَكْتَ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ وَ سَلَّمْتَهُ إِلَيَّ فَقَامَ الْحَسَنُ ع فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَ أَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ أَكْيَسَ‏ الْكَيْسِ‏ التُّقَى وَ أَحْمَقَ الْحُمْقِ الْفُجُورُ وَ إِنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ الَّذِي اخْتَلَفْتُ فِيهِ أَنَا وَ مُعَاوِيَةُ إِمَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ حَقَّ امْرِئٍ فَهُوَ أَحَقُّ بِهِ مِنِّي وَ إِمَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ حَقّاً لِي فَقَدْ تَرَكْتُهُ إِرَادَةَ إِصْلَاحِ الْأُمَّةِ وَ حَقْنَ دِمَائِهَا وَ إِنْ أَدْرِي لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَكُمْ وَ مَتاعٌ إِلى‏ حِين‏.

Shabi says that I saw Imam Hasan Mujtaba (as) when he was reconciliation with Ameer E Shaam on Nakhila. Ameer E Shaam said to Imam Hassan: Stand and announce to people that you have left this Khilafah and refer it to me. Imam Hassan Mujtaba (ﷺ) stood and praised God and said: "O people, the best intelligence is to be pious. This Khilafa, on which the dispute in between me and Ameer e Sham, so if Ameer E Shaam deserves so I will accept his caliphate or elsa I deserve this caliphate. The reason I am leaving him so that I can guide the nation of my Grandfather and no blood would shed of God’s creation and I don’t know but maybe this caliphate is the examination for you.

(KASHF AL GHUMMA FI MARIFAT AL AEIMAH;Vol:01;P:566)

Hazrat Imam Hassan-e-Mujtaba (A.S)

Leadership

Seven mammals/living things who came into existence (without parents) by the order of almighty

عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ علیهما السلام أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي حَدِيثٍ طَوِيلٍ لَهُ مَعَ مَلِكِ الرُّومِ‏ إِنَّ مَلِكَ الرُّومِ سَأَلَهُ فِيمَا سَأَلَهُ عَنْ سَبْعَةِ أَشْيَاءَ خَلَقَهَا اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَمْ تَخْرُجْ مِنْ رَحِمٍ فَقَالَ آدَمُ وَ حَوَّاءُ وَ كَبْشُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ نَاقَةُ صَالِحٍ وَ حَيَّةُ الْجَنَّةِ وَ الْغُرَابُ الَّذِي بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ يَبْحَثُ فِي الْأَرْضِ‏ وَ إِبْلِيسُ لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى.

There was a question answer saission between Imam Hassan (a.s) and king of Rome. One question asked among many and that was: What are those 7 living things which came into existence without being born from mother’s stomach. Imam Hassan (a.s) said: those 7 things are: Hazrat Adam (a.s), Hazrat Hawwa (a.s), Sheep which was sent for sacrifice in place of Hazrat Ismail (a.s), Hazrat Sualeh (a.s), Snake of heaven (When Hazrat Adam (a.s) was in heaven so evil visit him in the shape of snake), the crow which was sent by God to dig earth (who taught Qabeel how to bury Habeel) and Iblees who has curse of Allah.

(AL-KHISAL;Vol:02;P:353)

Hazrat Imam Hassan-e-Mujtaba (A.S)

Leadership

Reward of pilgrimage of Hazrat Muhammad s.a.w.w, Imam Ali (a.s), Imam Hassan (a.s) and Imam Hussain (a.s).

عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ آبَائِهِ علیهم السلام قَالَ: قَالَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلی الله علیه وآله يَا أَبَتِ مَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ‏ زَارَكَ‏ فَقَالَ مَنْ زَارَنِي أَوْ زَارَ أَبَاكَ أَوْ زَارَكَ أَوْ زَارَ أَخَاكَ كَانَ حَقّاً عَلَيَّ أَنْ أَزُورَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى أُخَلِّصَهُ مِنْ ذُنُوبِهِ.

Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) shared what he heard from his forefather and that was: Imam Hassan (a.s) said to prophet that, O Father! What is the reward of that one who pilgrimages you? You said: The one who pilgrimages me, you, your father Imam Ali (a.s), or your brother Imam Hussain (a.s) so it’s the duty of mine to pilgrimage him and save him from all the punishments.

(KAMIL ZIYARAT;P:11)

Hazrat Imam Hassan-e-Mujtaba (A.S)

Leadership

Successor of Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H)

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الحَسَن المُجتَبَی عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ: إِنَّمَا الْخَلِيفَةُ مَنْ سَارَ بِسِيرَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلی الله علیه وآله وَ عَمِلَ بِطَاعَةِ اللَّهِ وَ لَعَمْرِي‏ إِنَّا لَأَعْلَامُ‏ الْهُدَى‏ وَ مَنَارُ التُّقَى‏.

Hazrat Imam Hasan Mujtaba says that the caliph is only the one who follows the nature of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and be obedient to Allah, and swear upon my life, we are the ones to spread the guidance and we are bright shrines of piousness.

(TOHOF-AL-UQOOL;P:233)

Hazrat Imam Hassan-e-Mujtaba (A.S)

Leadership

Value of Shia Scholar

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الحَسَن المُجتَبَی عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ:‏ فَضْلُ‏ كَافِلِ‏ يَتِيمِ‏ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُنْقَطِعِ عَنْ مَوَالِيهِ النَّاشِبِ فِي تِيهِ الْجَهْلِ يُخْرِجُهُ مِنْ جَهْلِهِ وَ يُوضِحُ لَهُ مَا اشْتَبَهَ عَلَيْهِ عَلَى فَضْلِ‏ كَافِلِ‏ يَتِيمٍ‏ يُطْعِمُهُ وَ يَسْقِيهِ كَفَضْلِ الشَّمْسِ عَلَى السُّهَا.

Imam Hasan Mujtaba said: "The virtue of the person who abstains abundance of the orphans of all Ahlebait (a.s) orphans, who destroyed by their Imam (their leader) and sank into pool of ignorance, thus moving it Get out of temperament and make doubtful matters clear to it (so that the facts can be realized and good enough), so that the person who gives food and water to an orphan, has same privilege as the Sun (A lightweight star).

(MUNIYA AL MUREED;P:116)

Hazrat Imam Hussain-e-Shaheed (A.S)

Leadership

Attributes of Righteous leader.

قَالَ الْإِمَامُ الْحسین عَلَیْهِ السَّلَامُ: فَلَعَمْرِي مَا الْإِمَامُ‏ إِلَّا الْحَاكِمُ‏ بِالْكِتَابِ الْقَائِمُ بِالْقِسْطِ الدَّائِنُ بِدِينِ الْحَقِّ الْحَابِسُ نَفْسَهُ عَلَى ذَاتِ اللَّهِ.

Imam Hussaiin (as) said: "By the God who has my life in his hand, Imam is the only person who decides among the people by the book of God (Quran), and implements court in the society and the devotee of true religion (Islam) and who imprisons his soul in the name of God, does not perform any other act other than the Lord orders.

Al irshad fi marefat hujaj Allah fil ibad;Vol2;p39

Hazrat Imam Hussain-e-Shaheed (A.S)

Leadership

In whosai hands are the affairs of Religion?

قَالَ الْإِمَامُ الْحسین عَلَیْهِ السَّلَامُ: مَجَارِيَ‏ الْأُمُورِ وَ الْأَحْكَامِ عَلَى أَيْدِي الْعُلَمَاءِ بِاللَّهِ‏ الْأُمَنَاءِ عَلَى حَلَالِهِ وَ حَرَامِهِ.

The course of affairs and rulings are under the control of the scholars who are the keepers of God in legal and the illegal affairs

(tuhof ul uqool;text;P:238)

Hazrat Imam Hussain-e-Shaheed (A.S)

Leadership

Who is hussain (a.s)? who is yazeed ?

أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْوَلِيدِ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا الْأَمِيرُ إِنَّا أَهْلُ بَيْتِ النُّبُوَّةِ وَ مَعْدِنُ الرِّسَالَةِ وَ مُخْتَلَفُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ بِنَا فَتَحَ اللَّهُ وَ بِنَا خَتَمَ اللَّهُ وَ يَزِيدُ رَجُلٌ‏ فَاسِقٌ‏ شَارِبُ الْخَمْرِ قَاتِلُ النَّفْسِ الْمُحَرَّمَةِ مُعْلِنٌ بِالْفِسْقِ وَ مِثْلِي لَا يُبَايِعُ بِمِثْلِهِ وَ لَكِنْ نُصْبِحُ وَ تُصْبِحُونَ وَ نَنْظُرُ وَ تَنْظُرُونَ أَيُّنَا أَحَقُّ بِالْخِلَافَةِ وَ الْبَيْعَة.

When Yazeed wrote the letter to Waleed Bin Atbah that he should ask Imam Hussain (a.s) to take allegiance, the Waleed went to Imam and Imam (a.s) gave the answer upon his question that: O Ameer, we are the family of Rasool, we are in the the place of angels, and we are the palace of blessings of Allah and God has started his blessings and had end on us, Yazid is a corrupt and drunk person and the one kills the soul of the person and announces the sins in front of everyone. A person like me cannot allegiance with a person like him. You too wait and we will wait too and then see that among us who is the one who is entitled to Khilafah and allegiance?

Al luhoof al qtala al tufoof/ translation of fahri;p23

Hazrat Imam Hussain-e-Shaheed (A.S)

Leadership

leader of righteousness and falsehood

فَلَمَّا نَزَلُوا ثَعْلَبِيَّةَ وَرَدَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ يُقَالُ لَهُ بِشْرُ بْنُ غَالِبٍ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ- يَوْمَ نَدْعُوا كُلَّ أُناسٍ بِإِمامِهِمْ‏ قَالَ إِمَامٌ‏ دَعَا إِلَى‏ هُدًى‏ فَأَجَابُوهُ إِلَيْهِ وَ إِمَامٌ دَعَا إِلَى ضَلَالَةٍ فَأَجَابُوهُ إِلَيْهَا هَؤُلَاءِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَ هَؤُلَاءِ فِي النَّارِ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ- فَرِيقٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَ فَرِيقٌ فِي السَّعِيرِ.

(On the way to Karbala, when Imam Hussain came to Salbyah, a person whose name Bashar Bin Ghalib, appeared in the service of the Imam and said, 'O son of Prophet (peace be upon him)! Tell us about يَوْمَ نَدْعُوا كُلَّ أُناسٍ بِإِمامِهِمْ (On day of judgment, every will be called with their name of Imam or Leader). Imam (a.s) said: "An Imam is one who invites people to be sincere and straight path and people accept it, and the other is the one who invites people to mislead and people call on their invitation." The first group will be in heaven and in the second hell as Allah has said: فَرِيقٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَ فَرِيقٌ فِي السَّعِيرِ (One group is in heaven and other group will be in hell)

Bihar ul anwar; bairoot;Vol44;p313

Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqer (A.S)

Leadership

Spirituality and obedience of the righteous leader.

قَالَ الإمام أَبُوْ جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدُ الْبَاقِرُ عَلَیْهِ السَّلَامُ: ذِرْوَةُ الْأَمْرِ وَ سَنَامُهُ وَ مِفْتَاحُهُ وَ بَابُ الْأَشْيَاءِ وَ رِضَا الرَّحْمَنِ الطَّاعَةُ لِلْإِمَامِ بَعْدَ مَعْرِفَتِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ- مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ وَ مَنْ تَوَلَّى فَما أَرْسَلْناكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظاً أَمَا لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَامَ لَيْلَهُ وَ صَامَ نَهَارَهُ وَ تَصَدَّقَ بِجَمِيعِ مَالِهِ وَ حَجَّ جَمِيعَ دَهْرِهِ وَ لَمْ يَعْرِفْ وَلَايَةَ وَلِيِّ اللَّهِ فَيُوَالِيَهُ وَ يَكُونَ جَمِيعُ أَعْمَالِهِ بِدَلَالَتِهِ إِلَيْهِ مَا كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ جَلَّ وَ عَزَّ حَقٌّ فِي ثَوَابِهِ وَ لَا كَانَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِيمَان‏.

Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S) said: "O Allah, the Majesty of all matters and the gates of all things, and the pleasure of Allah, the Most Beneficent, obey him after the knowledge of the Imam. Allah says in the Quran: "Whoever obeys Our Messenger, he obeys us, and whoever turns away, O Prophet! We have not sent you as an observer over them." Know that if a man spends his nights in worship and keeps fasts during the day and performs his charity and performs Hajj throughout his life, but does not keep in mind the authority of Allah, to accept his province and Perform all of your actions by means of it, so near God, he is not entitled to any reward, and he is not of the believers.

Al kaafi; al islamiah;Vol2;p19